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Shota Kojima, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Shinji Takai, Denan Jin, Maho Shibata, Hidehiro Oku, Yasuhiko Tabata, Tsunehiko Ikeda; Effects of Gelatin Hydrogel Containing Chymase Inhibitor on Scarring in a Canine Filtration Surgery Model. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(10):7672-7680. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-7573.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the effects of gelatin hydrogel (GH) containing a chymase inhibitor (CI) on intraocular pressure (IOP) and conjunctival scarring in a canine model of glaucoma surgery.
Glaucoma surgery models were made in beagles. As the first experiment, GH was implanted. IOP was measured for 4 weeks, followed by histologic evaluation. As the second experiment, GH containing a CI or GH alone was implanted. IOP and bleb features were evaluated for 12 weeks. The densities of proliferative cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)–positive cells, fibroblasts, and mast cells were quantified. The mRNA levels of transforming growth factor–β (TGF-β) and chymase were determined by real-time PCR.
In the first experiment, IOP was significantly lower in the eyes treated with GH than that in the control eyes. The conjunctival area normalized by the scleral area was reduced in the treated eyes. In the second experiment, IOP reduction was maintained for 12 weeks in the eyes treated with GH containing a CI, but not in the eyes treated with GH alone. In addition, the bleb score was larger, whereas the adhesion score and densities of PCNA-positive cells, fibroblasts, mast cells, and chymase-positive cells were lower in the eyes treated with GH containing a CI. The mRNA levels of TGF-β and chymase were significantly decreased in the eyes treated with GH containing a CI.
Implanting GH alone maintained IOP reduction, whereas GH containing a CI enhanced the IOP-reducing effect by suppressing cell proliferation. This drug delivery system might be useful for maintaining filtering blebs for a longer duration after glaucoma surgery.
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