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Desmond T. Quek, Arun K. Narayanaswamy, Tin A. Tun, Hla M. Htoon, Mani Baskaran, Shamira A. Perera, Tin Aung; Comparison of Two Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Devices for Angle-Closure Assessment. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(9):5131-5136. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-10132.
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To compare two spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) devices for the identification of angle structures and the presence of angle closure.
This was a prospective comparative study. Consecutive patients underwent gonioscopy and anterior segment imaging using two SD-OCT devices (iVue and Cirrus). Images were evaluated for the ability to detect angle structures such as Schwalbe's line (SL), trabecular meshwork (TM), Schlemm's canal (SC), and scleral spur (SS), and the presence of angle closure. Angle closure was defined as iris contact with the angle wall anterior to the SS on SD-OCT, and nonvisibility of the posterior TM on gonioscopy. Angle closure in an eye was defined as ≥two quadrants of closed angles. AC1 statistic was used to assess the agreement between devices.
Of the 69 subjects studied (46.4% male, 84.1% Chinese, mean age 64.0 ± 10.5 years), 40 subjects (40 eyes, 58.0%) had angle closure on gonioscopy. The most identifiable structure on Cirrus SD-OCT was the SS (82.2%) and SL on iVue SD-OCT (74.5%). Angle closure was indeterminable in 14.5% and 50.7% of Cirrus and iVue scans (P < 0.001), respectively. Interdevice agreement for angle closure was moderately strong (AC1 = 0.67), but agreement with gonioscopy was only fair (AC1 = 0.35 and 0.50 for Cirrus and iVue, respectively).
It was more difficult to determine angle closure status with iVue compared with Cirrus SD-OCT. There was fair agreement between both devices with gonioscopy for identifying angle closure.
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