Purchase this article with an account.
Mario Shraiki, Samuel Arba-Mosquera; Simulation of the Impact of Refractive Surgery Ablative Laser Pulses with a Flying-Spot Laser Beam on Intrasurgery Corneal Temperature. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(6):3713-3722. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-6706.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate ablation algorithms and temperature changes in laser refractive surgery.
The model (virtual laser system [VLS]) simulates different physical effects of an entire surgical process, simulating the shot-by-shot ablation process based on a modeled beam profile. The model is comprehensive and directly considers applied correction; corneal geometry, including astigmatism; laser beam characteristics; and ablative spot properties.
Pulse lists collected from actual treatments were used to simulate the temperature increase during the ablation process. Ablation efficiency reduction in the periphery resulted in a lower peripheral temperature increase. Steep corneas had lesser temperature increases than flat ones. The maximum rise in temperature depends on the spatial density of the ablation pulses. For the same number of ablative pulses, myopic corrections showed the highest temperature increase, followed by myopic astigmatism, mixed astigmatism, phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK), hyperopic astigmatism, and hyperopic treatments.
The proposed model can be used, at relatively low cost, for calibration, verification, and validation of the laser systems used for ablation processes and would directly improve the quality of the results.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only