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Thu-Mai Nguyen, Jean-François Aubry, David Touboul, Mathias Fink, Jean-Luc Gennisson, Jeremy Bercoff, Mickael Tanter; Monitoring of Cornea Elastic Properties Changes during UV-A/Riboflavin-Induced Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking using Supersonic Shear Wave Imaging: A Pilot Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(9):5948-5954. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-9142.
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Keratoconus disease or post-LASIK corneal ectasia are increasingly treated using UV-A/riboflavin–induced corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL). However, this treatment suffers from a lack of techniques to provide an assessment in real-time of the CXL effects. Here, we investigated the potential interest of corneal elasticity as a biomarker of the efficacy of this treatment.
For this purpose, supersonic shear wave imaging (SSI) was performed both ex vivo and in vivo on porcine eyes before and after CXL. Based on ultrasonic scanners providing ultrafast frame rates (∼30 kHz), the SSI technique generates and tracks the propagation of shear waves in tissues. It provides two- and three-dimensional (2-D and 3-D) quantitative maps of the corneal elasticity.
After CXL, quantitative maps of corneal stiffness clearly depicted the cross-linked area with a typical 200-μm lateral resolution. The CXL resulted in a 56% ± 15% increase of the shear wave speed for corneas treated in vivo (n = 4).
The in vivo CXL experiments performed on pigs demonstrated that the quantitative estimation of local stiffness and the 2-D elastic maps of the corneal surface provide an efficient way to monitor the local efficacy of corneal cross-linking.
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