Purchase this article with an account.
Francesco Testa, Settimio Rossi, Andrea Sodi, Ilaria Passerini, Valentina Di Iorio, Michele Della Corte, Sandro Banfi, Enrico Maria Surace, Ugo Menchini, Alberto Auricchio, Francesca Simonelli; Correlation between Photoreceptor Layer Integrity and Visual Function in Patients with Stargardt Disease: Implications for Gene Therapy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(8):4409-4415. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8201.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To perform a clinical characterization of Stargardt patients with ABCA4 gene mutation, and to investigate the correlation between the inner and outer segment (IS/OS) junction morphology and visual acuity, fundus lesions, electroretinogram abnormalities, and macular sensitivity.
Sixty-one patients with Stargardt disease (STGD) were given a comprehensive ophthalmic examination. Inner-outer photoreceptor junction morphology evaluated by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography was correlated with visual acuity, fundus lesions, fundus autofluorescence, full-field and multifocal electroretinography responses, and microperimetric macular sensitivities. We classified STGD patients into three groups: (1) IS/OS junction disorganization in the fovea, (2) IS/OS junction loss in the fovea, and (3) extensive loss of IS/OS junction. Mutation analysis of the ABCA4 gene was carried out by sequencing the complete coding region.
A significant difference in visual acuity was observed between IS/OS groups 1 and 2 and between IS/OS groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.0001). A significant difference in microperimetry sensitivity was observed between IS/OS groups 2 and 3, and between IS/OS groups 1 and 3 (P < 0.0001). There was also a statistically significant correlation between IS/OS abnormalities and the extent of fundus lesions (Spearman P ≤ 0.01), as well as with the type of ERG and multifocal ERG results (Spearman P ≤ 0.01). Finally, the degree of IS/OS junction preservation showed a statistically significant correlation with the extension of foveal abnormalities assessed by fundus autofluorescence imaging (Spearman P ≤ 0.01). The G1961E mutation was more frequent in the patients without extensive loss of IS/OS junction (P = 0.01) confirming its association with a milder STGD phenotype.
The results of this study suggest that a comprehensive approach in the examination of Stargardt patients has the potential to improve the understanding of vision loss and may provide a sensitive measure to evaluate the efficacy of future experimental therapies in patients with STGD.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only