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Sunao Sugita, Norio Shimizu, Ken Watanabe, Manabu Ogawa, Kazuichi Maruyama, Norio Usui, Manabu Mochizuki; Virological Analysis in Patients with Human Herpes Virus 6–Associated Ocular Inflammatory Disorders. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(8):4692-4698. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.12-10095.
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To determine whether human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) genomic DNA and mRNA can be detected in ocular samples from patients with inflammatory disorders, and whether viral replication is involved in the development of inflammation in the eye.
After informed consent was obtained, ocular fluid samples (aqueous humor and vitreous fluids) were collected from 350 patients with uveitis or endophthalmitis. Corneal samples were also collected from 65 patients with corneal infections. Multiplex PCR was performed to screen ocular samples from the patients for HHV-1 to HHV-8. Samples were also assayed for HHV-6 DNA using quantitative real-time PCR. Primers for nested RT-PCR were designed to detect amplification of mRNA (HHV-6 A IE1 U90).
PCR results indicated a total of seven patients with uveitis or endophthalmitis (7/350, 2% +) and a single patient with corneal inflammatory disease were positive for HHV-6 DNA (1/65, 1.5% +). These eight patients had high copy numbers of HHV-6 DNA, with values ranging from 4.0 × 103 to 5.1 × 106 copies/mL. Real-time PCR analysis indicated that two of these cases were HHV-6 variant A and six cases were variant B. In addition, HHV-6 mRNA was clearly detected in vitreous cells collected from one of the patients, suggesting that viral replication may occur in the eye.
Our results indicate that HHV-6 infection/reactivation is implicated in ocular inflammatory diseases. (www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index/htm number, R000002708.)
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