August 1985
Volume 26, Issue 8
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Articles  |   August 1985
Horizontal fusional responses to stimuli containing artificial scotomas.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science August 1985, Vol.26, 1051-1056. doi:
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      D K Boman, A E Kertesz; Horizontal fusional responses to stimuli containing artificial scotomas.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1985;26(8):1051-1056.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Horizontal fusional responses were studied with stimuli containing binocular or monocular, artificial, stabilized, scotomas. Binocular scotomas of 5-deg, 10-deg, and 15-deg diameters were utilized. The fusional responses to scotomatic stimuli were compared with full-field stimulus responses. All responses contained significant motor and nonmotor (sensory) components. Overall motor compensation to stimuli with 10-deg and 15-deg scotomas was reduced, while the overall motor compensation to stimuli with 5-deg scotomas was not. With full-field stimuli and with stimuli containing binocular scotomas, the changes in the two eyes' lines of sight were often asymmetric in response to symmetric disparity changes. This response asymmetry was exacerbated by the presence of monocular scotomas. Fixation was less steady with stimuli containing 10-deg or 15-deg binocular scotomas than it was in response to full-field stimulation. The fusional responses to annular stimuli were similar to those elicited by scotomatic stimuli.

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