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M Salazar, P N Patil; An explanation for the long duration of mydriatic effect of atropine in eye.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1976;15(8):671-673.
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The mydriatic effect of topically applied 3H-atropine (2%) was compared in the pigmented rabbits (black fur and dark brown irides) and nonpigmented (albino) atropinesterase-negative rabbits. The duration, t1/2, of the mydriatic effect in the nonpigmented and pigmented rabbit was 43.5 and greater than 96 hours, respectively. At hour 96, the tissue 3H-atropine in the pigmented iris was greater than that in the nonpigmented iris by the factor of eight. The longer duration of mydriatic effect in the pigmented iris is explained by the slow release of the bound drug from the pigment onto the muscarinic receptors.
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