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R H Steinberg, S S Miller, W H Stern; Initial observations on the isolated retinal pigment epithelium-choroid of the cat.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1978;17(7):675-678.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
An in vitro preparation of a mammalian retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid was developed, that of the cat, in order to study the RPE in isolation from the neural retina. The purpose of these initial experiments was to evaluate the electrical characteristics of the tissue and the ionic properties of the RPE apical membrane. They were designed so that results would be directly comparable to those previously obtained on a more extensively studied cold-blooded preparation, the bullfrog. The electrical characteristics of the best cat tissues were similar to those routinely obtained in bullfrog, whereas the average cat apical membrane potential was 20 mV more depolarized than that of frog. The apical membrane of cat resembled the frog's in having a large sensitivity to potassium, but it had a relatively smaller sensitivity to bicarbonate and a relatively larger sensitivity to sodium. The cat, like the frog, also had a ouabain-sensitive mechanism on its apical membrane that directly contributed to membrane potential. Two factors contributing to the lower apical membrane potential in cat were the higher potassium concentration of the mammalian salt solution and the sodium conductance of the apical membrane.
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