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R W Flower, D S McLeod, S M Pitts; The effect of blood on ocular fundus reflectance and determination of some optical properties of retinal blood vessels.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1978;17(6):562-565.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Light reflected from 50 micrometer diameter spots on the fundi of two adult rhesus monkeys was measured as a function of wavelength in 10 nm jumps from 400 to 900 nm. The areas measured were a retinal artery and vein, areas of the disk, macula, and retina devoid of visible blood vessels, and the foveola. The eyes of the two monkeys were then exsanguinated, the blood vessels were filled with normal saline, and reflectances of the same spots on the fundi were again measured. The pairs of reflectance curves were compared and demonstrated that blood is not the major determinant of the characteristic shapes of the retinal tissue spectral reflectance curves. From the pre-exsanguination and postexsanguination data, the isolated retinal artery and vein wall reflectances were determined to be 0.020 and 0.009, respectively, their transmittances 0.837 and 0,977, and the fractions of light absorbed by them 0.143 and 0.014, respectively, in the visible spectral region below 500 nm.
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