July 1978
Volume 17, Issue 7
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Articles  |   July 1978
Studies on the retina and the pigment epithelium in hereditary canine ceroid lipofuscinosis, I. The distribution of enzymes in the whole retina and pigment epithelium.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 1978, Vol.17, 608-617. doi:
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      D Armstrong, A Siakotos, N Koppang, E Connole; Studies on the retina and the pigment epithelium in hereditary canine ceroid lipofuscinosis, I. The distribution of enzymes in the whole retina and pigment epithelium.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1978;17(7):608-617.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

The massive accumulation of autofluorescent lipopigments, representative of autoxidation, is a key morphological feature in canine ceroid lipofuscinosis (CCL). In the eye peroxidase, catalase, and four acid hydrolases were compared with regard to aged and clinical condition in a series of English setters affected with CCL. In unaffected English setters "soluble" peroxidase increased in the RPE to adult levels at 2 yr of age. Affected dogs had higher RPE peroxidase activity earlier in life, which then decline with age. The soluble retinal peroxidase of both unaffected and CCL dogs increased steadily with age, but the latter group of dogs were much lower in activity. By 2 yr of age, RPE and retinal peroxidase values were only 25% and 47% of unaffected dog levels. Although the soluble enzyme of unaffected dogs exhibited a maturational profile, membrane-bound RPE peroxidase showed a hyperbolic curve reaching a maximum at 10 mo of age. By 2 yr of age, the "bound" enzyme in affected dogs was below unaffected levels in the RPE and retina. Three acid hydrolases were slightly increased in the RPE and retina of affected dogs. Acid lipase activity, however, was similar in both unaffected and CCL dogs. Catalase was not found in the RPE of either group of dogs. The catalase activity in the retina of both affected and unaffected dogs was at similar levels. Since catalase is not present in the RPE, the major defense against peroxidase accumulation and peroxide toxicity probably depends upon peroxidase. The present study indicates that a decrease in this key regulating enzyme may be related to the formation of lipopigments in the retina and RPE of dogs with CCL.

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