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K J Ciuffreda, R V Kenyon, L Stark; Increased saccadic latencies in amblyopic eyes.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1978;17(7):697-702.
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Increased saccadic latencies were measured in the amblyopic eyes of subjects having amblyopia without strabismus, constant strabismus amblyopia, and intermittent strabismus. The subjects tracked a small, bright spot of light moving with random, horizontal step displacements of 0.25 to 8.5 degrees over the central retina. Normal saccadic latencies were generally found during monocular tracking with the nonamblyopic eye as well as during binocular tracking. Studies of eye-hand reaction time in amblyopic eyes have shown delays to occur over the central retina; our new finding establishes this for saccadic initiation. Normal trajectories found for all tracking saccades, normal saccadic latencies measured when the nonamblyopic eye was utilized for tracking, and synchronous movement of the eyes under all test conditions point to a sensory rather than motor basis underlying these delays. Our results are interpreted in terms of a processing delay in the sensory pathways leading from the central region of the amblyopic eye to those centers involved in saccadic initiation.
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