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P J Anderson, J Wang, D L Epstein; Metabolism of calf trabecular (reticular) meshwork.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1980;19(1):13-20.
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It has been found that calf eyes are an excellent source of trabecular meshwork tissue for biochemical studies. Homogenates of pooled meshwork were centrifuged at 27K X g and 1.5K X g. The high-speed supernatants produced lactate at 0.35 mumole/min/gm tissue in the presence of hexokinase-saturating concentrations of glucose (10 mM) at pH 7. The optimum pH was 7.6. In the absence of ammonia, lactate could be produced from fructose 1,6-diphosphate but not from glucose or glucose 6-phosphate. The optimum ammonia concentration was 1 to 2 mM. Lactate was produced at an even greater rate from fructose, but only poorly from sorbitol or galactose (all at 10 mM). The activity of hexokinase, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and UDPG dehydrogenase was measured. Fructokinase could not be detected. The low-speed supernatant readily oxidized succinate, malate, and glutamate at about 0.012 muAtO/min/gm tissue. The oxidative rate in vivo is estimated to be about one third of this. These results demonstrate that knowledge of the normal metabolism of calf trabecular meshwork may be obtained with relative ease, with possible important implications for understanding the disease of glaucoma.
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