January 1981
Volume 20, Issue 1
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Articles  |   January 1981
Intraocular effects of substance P in the rabbit.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science January 1981, Vol.20, 53-60. doi:
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      J Stjernschantz, M Sears, L Stjernschantz; Intraocular effects of substance P in the rabbit.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1981;20(1):53-60.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

The intraocular effects of substance P (SP) were studied in rabbits by measuring the pupil diameter, intraocular pressure (IOP), and aqueous humor protein concentration. Most of the animals were pretreated with indomethacin to avoid any interaction with prostaglandins. Intracameral injection of 1 to 150 ng of SP caused strong and persistent miosis without appreciably affecting the aqueous humor protein concentration or IOP. Intracameral injection of 0.8 to 11 micrograms of SP also induced an increase in IOP (7 to 8 mm Hg) without any apparent concomitant disruption in the blood-aqueous barrier. Outflow facility of aqueous humor decreased by a mean value of 50% after intracameral injection of 0.8 to 1.5 microgram of SP. Since the increase in IOP could be prevented by iridectomy, it was probably caused by a pupillary block from the intense miosis induced by SP. No disruption in the blood-aqueous barrier could be detected after intra-arterial infusion of 10 micrograms of SP or intravitreal injection of 100 ng of SP, indicating that the ciliary epithelium was practically insensitive to exogenous SP. Topical as well as subconjunctival administration of up to 1 mg of SP did not cause any irritative response in the eye. The results show that with concentrations of SP causing intense miosis, the eye does not exhibit visible hyperemia and disruption of the blood-aqueous barrier. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis that after certain irritative stimuli, miosis is mediated by a pathway separate from the hyperemia and disruption of the blood-aqueous barrier.

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