March 1982
Volume 22, Issue 3
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Articles  |   March 1982
Comparative ocular pathogenicity of Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida glabrata, and Aspergillus fumigatus in the rabbit.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science March 1982, Vol.22, 410-414. doi:https://doi.org/
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      N K Fujita, D K Henderson, L J Hockey, L B Guze, J E Edwards; Comparative ocular pathogenicity of Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida glabrata, and Aspergillus fumigatus in the rabbit.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1982;22(3):410-414. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

In a previous study, 88% of rabbits with disseminated infection caused by Candida albicans developed ophthalmoscopically visible, hematogenous endophthalmitis (chorioretinitis) over a 2 week period. To determine the incidence of this ocular complication in disseminated infection caused by Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida glabrata, and Aspergillus fumigatus compared with that caused by C. albicans, the first three species of fungi were injected intravenously (between 10(5) and 10(9) organisms per animal) into 36 New Zealand white rabbits. No chorioretinal lesions were seen by indirect ophthalmoscopy over a 2 week period. C. glabrata and A. fumigatus were not cultured from chorioretinas despite positive cultures from brains and kidneys at 1 and 2 weeks. In contrast, C. neoformans was cultured from 12 of 18 chorioretinas. (mean Log10 3.45 colony forming units/gm of tissue) as well as from the brains and kidneys. The less intense inflammatory cell response to C. neoformans compared with that 10 C. albicans seen on histopathologic examination most likely explains the nondetectability of the cryptococcal chorioretinitis by indirect ophthalmoscopy. These data suggest that C. glabrata. A. fumigatus, and possibly C. neoformans have less ocular pathogenicity than C. albicans in rabbits and correlate with the small number of documented human cases of ophthalmoscopically visible hematogenous endophthalmitis caused by fungi other than C. albicans.

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