March 1982
Volume 22, Issue 3
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Articles  |   March 1982
The role of glutathione metabolism in the detoxification of H2O2 in rabbit lens.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science March 1982, Vol.22, 330-335. doi:https://doi.org/
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      F J Giblin, J P McCready, V N Reddy; The role of glutathione metabolism in the detoxification of H2O2 in rabbit lens.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1982;22(3):330-335. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Aqueous humor is known to contain a significant level of H2O2, but the mechanisms by which ocular tissues protect against oxidative damage are not well understood. With the use of C-1-, C-2-, and C-6-labeled glucose, the contribution of glutathione (GSH) metabolism and the hexose monophosphate shunt (HMS) to the detoxification of peroxide in the lens has been evaluated. It was observed that H2O2 in the culture medium disappeared rapidly (0.5 mumol H2O2/lens/hr) upon incubation of a rabbit lens at 37 degrees C. At 0 degrees to 3 degrees C, however, the rate of disappearance of H2O2 was only one fifth of that observed at the higher temperature. In the absence of a lens or after pretreatment of the lens with methyl mercuric hydroxide, the rate of disappearance of peroxide from the medium was reduced to nearly zero. When a nearly constant level of H2O2 (0.05 to 0.07 mM) was maintained in the medium by means of a peristaltic pump, the amount of CO2 liberated by the HMS at 37 degrees C was found to be three times that liberated from lenses cultured in the absence of peroxide. No change was noted in the level of GSH in the H2O2-treated lenses at 37 degrees C. A significant decrease in GSH was observed, however, at 0 degrees to 3 degrees C, suggesting nonenzymatic oxidation of the tripeptide at the lower temperature. The results indicate that GSH metabolism and the HMS pathway contribute significantly to the detoxification of H2O2 in the lens.

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