December 1982
Volume 23, Issue 6
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Articles  |   December 1982
Chronic retinitis in rats infected as neonates with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: a clinical, histopathologic, and electroretinographic study.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science December 1982, Vol.23, 697-714. doi:https://doi.org/
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      M del Cerro, D A Grover, A A Monjan, C J Pfau, J E Dematte; Chronic retinitis in rats infected as neonates with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: a clinical, histopathologic, and electroretinographic study.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1982;23(6):697-714. doi: https://doi.org/.

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Abstract

The long-term sequelae to infection of neonatal rats with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus were studied by a variety of approaches, including indirect ophthalmoscopic, electroretinographic, and histopathologic methods. Data from these studies demonstrated that a progressive chronic retinitis develops after the acute, virus-specific, immune-mediated retinopathy. This chronic inflammation eventually leads to a total destruction of the retinal architecture. An autoimmune reaction against normally sequestered retinal antigens, released during the acute state of necrotizing retinitis, is probably the initiating mechanism of the chronic disease. This experimental disease, triggered by infection with a relatively harmless virus, constitutes a very convenient animal model of chronic retinitis.

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