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K L Cohen, N K Tripoli, A C Pellom, L L Kupper, A W Fryczkowski; Effect of tissue fit on corneal shape after transplantation.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1984;25(10):1226-1231.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Postkeratoplasty astigmatism is now a major problem preventing visual recovery. Certain postoperative topographic characteristics are felt to be dictated by the fit of the donor corneal button in its recipient bed. Deficient tissue at the wound is predicted to contribute to the location of the steep meridian and excess tissue to the location of the flat meridian. In an eight-cat sample using our Fit Assessment Method and Photogrammetric Index Method, the authors tested the relationship between button fit in recipient bed and resulting corneal curvature at approximately 42, 161, and 289 postoperative days. Corneal symmetry improved between the first and second postoperative periods. Deficient tissue led to steepened curvature and ample tissue to flattened curvature in the first measurement period. When buttons fit poorly, deficient tissue led to steepness in the first postoperative period, but led to flattened curvature 90 deg away from the deficient tissue meridian in the second and third periods. The relationship between ample tissue and flattest postoperative curvature did not depend on the magnitude of button-fed disparity in any period. Corneal elasticity appeared to influence the way tissue disparity affected postoperative topography. Our findings support Troutman's balloon mode. When there was a large amount of uncompensated tissue disparity, the tissue deficiency exerted a force that shortened the translimbal chord. This produced both steepened curvature parallel to this chord soon after surgery and flattened curvature at 90 deg to the chord in the stable postoperative cornea.
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