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J V Jester, M M Rodrigues, T T Sun; Change in epithelial keratin expression during healing of rabbit corneal wounds.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1985;26(6):828-837.
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Corneal epithelial wound healing following full-thickness trephination and transcorneal freeze injury was studied by electron microscopy and immunofluorescent microscopy using monoclonal antibodies AE1, AE2, and AE3 to human epithelial keratin. Wounds were evaluated at various time intervals between 4 hr and 2 mo after injury. By scanning and transmission electron microscopy, epithelial migration was evident 4 hr after injury and was characterized by thinning of the epithelium and extension of filopodial processes. AE1 monoclonal antibody, which stains specifically the superficial cells of normal corneal epithelium, reacted to cells at the leading edge of the migrating epithelium. By 24 hr, all cells migrating over the wound displayed positive fluorescence with AE1 while the epithelium over the undamaged cornea exhibited normal fluorescence limited to the superficial epithelial cells. In full-thickness corneal wounds, reepithelialization was complete by 1-2 wk; however, all epithelial cells covering the wound remained positive for the AE1 antikeratin antibody. By 2 mo, the AE1 fluorescence returned to normal. In transcorneal freeze injuries, reepithelialization was complete by 4 to 7 days after injury, with all cells overlying the wound reacting with the AE1 antibody. By 2 wk after freeze injury, all epithelial cells appeared to express a normal AE1 staining pattern. No change was noted in the fluorescent distribution of either AE2 antibody, which did not react with the corneal epithelium, or AE3, which reacts with all corneal epithelial cells. These results suggest that healing of corneal epithelial wounds involves changes in keratin expression of the corneal epithelium.
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