May 1985
Volume 26, Issue 5
Articles  |   May 1985
The outer horizontal cell of the frog retina: morphology, receptor input, and function.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 1985, Vol.26, 643-656. doi:
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      T E Ogden, G G Mascetti, R Pierantoni; The outer horizontal cell of the frog retina: morphology, receptor input, and function.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1985;26(5):643-656.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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The outer horizontal cell (OHC) of the frog Rana pipiens was studied by light and electron microscopy of Golgi-stained and horseradish peroxidase-injected cells. Responses of OHCs were recorded with intracellular electrodes. The OHCs are probably axonless cells. Their dendritic terminals are lateral processes at synaptic ribbons and are involved frequently in reciprocal invaginating contacts with receptors, ie, contacts characterized by invagination of receptor membrane deeply into the horizontal cell process. Two classes of OHC were distinguished on the basis of size and receptor contacts. Small OHCs (dendritic area about 5,000 micron2) contact all classes of receptor. These cells were not successfully penetrated with microelectrodes. Giant OHCs (dendritic area about 30,000 micron2) apparently contact only blue-sensitive rods and red-sensitive cones. They generate chromaticity or C-type responses, hyperpolarizing to short and depolarizing to long wavelength light.


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