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C Tremblay, M Barza, F Szoka, M Lahav, J Baum; Reduced toxicity of liposome-associated amphotericin B injected intravitreally in rabbits.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1985;26(5):711-718.
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The ocular toxicity of liposome-intercalated amphotericin B and commercial amphotericin B were compared after intravitreal injection in healthy pigmented rabbits. Ophthalmoscopic observations over 5 weeks following a single intravitreal injection showed vitreal band formation and focal retinal damage after doses of commercial amphotericin B as low as 5 micrograms. Such lesions were not seen in animals given liposomal amphotericin B in doses up to 20 micrograms. Histopathologic examination showed areas of retinal atrophy or necrosis in five of 16 rabbits given commercial amphotericin B in doses of 5-20 micrograms but in none of 16 rabbits given the same doses of liposomal amphotericin B (P = 0.02). Small white vitreal bodies were seen clinically in virtually all animals given liposomal amphotericin B or "empty" (drug-free) liposomes but in only a few animals given commercial amphotericin B; these deposits may represent residual lipid. Concentrations of amphotericin B ranged from 0.4 to 1.0 micrograms per ml of vitreous humor 5 weeks after injection of 5-20 micrograms of either formulation. These studies indicate that liposome association markedly reduces the ocular toxicity of amphotericin B.
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