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L E Stramm, R J Desnick, M E Haskins, G D Aguirre; Arylsulfatase B activity in cultured retinal pigment epithelium: regional studies in feline mucopolysaccharidosis VI.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1986;27(7):1050-1057.
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Feline mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI) is a recessively inherited lysosomal storage disease resulting from a deficiency of arylsulfatase B (ASB). Previous histopathologic findings have indicated that the disease is expressed morphologically in non-pigmented retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) in the posterior pole and superior equatorial regions by the accumulation of vacuolated inclusions and eventual cellular hypertrophy, while pigmented regions in the periphery are minimally affected. To determine if the regional and age-dependent variations in disease severity result from differences in residual enzyme activity, primary cultures of feline MPS VI-affected RPE were initiated from defined regions of the eye and maintained in vitro for 14 days. Cultures initiated from nonpigmented areas of affected adult eyes (posterior pole, superior equatorial) were more diseased than those from pigmented (inferior-equatorial, peripheral) areas. In the nonpigmented cultures, the disease was expressed by the accumulation of single membrane-bound inclusions and cellular hypertrophy. These inclusions were indistinguishable in their morphologic appearance and distribution from those found in situ. In contrast, the cultures initiated from pigmented areas remained normal or minimally affected. The same spatial disease distribution was present in young affected eyes, but the expression of the disease was much less severe. It is apparent that temporal, spatial, and pigmentation factors were correlated with disease expression in vitro as well as in situ. Arylsulfatase B activity was measured biochemically, and found to be deficient in all regions of young and adult eyes. It was notable that there was no correlation between the level of residual enzyme activity, and the pigmentation or spatial position from which the cells were obtained.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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