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K Green, L Cheeks, D S Hull; Effect of ambient pH on corneal endothelial sodium fluxes.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1986;27(8):1274-1277.
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Sodium fluxes across the isolated rabbit corneal endothelium were measured as a function of ambient pH and bicarbonate concentrations. At pH 7, the net sodium flux (J endo str net) was effectively obliterated at all bicarbonate concentrations, relative to controls at pH 7.5. At pH 8, the net sodium flux was obliterated at 5 mM bicarbonate, was unchanged at 25 mM bicarbonate, and was enhanced at 40 mM bicarbonate, relative to controls at pH 7.5. The decrease in net sodium flux under these conditions relative to previously demonstrated maintenance of bicarbonate fluxes under almost identical conditions suggest that sodium and bicarbonate transverse the endothelium by different routes. In addition, changes in unidirectional fluxes, when ambient pH is decreased from 7.5 to 7, are not equal, illustrating that the fluxes probably occur via different pathways. A complex interrelationship exists between sodium, bicarbonate, and proton movement.
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