Purchase this article with an account.
M Matsuda, J L Ubels, H F Edelhauser; Corneal endothelial healing rate and the effect of topical retinoic acid.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1986;27(8):1193-1198.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
These studies were undertaken to evaluate wound healing rates of the corneal endothelium in vivo. After insertion of a 26-gauge needle into the anterior chamber of the rabbit eye through the limbus, a 5-0 nylon monofilament was introduced through the needle, and endothelial wounds were made by scratching the cells with the filament. The wounds were photographed with a wide-field specular microscope at various intervals. Montages of the wounds were made, and the areas of the wounds were determined by planimetry. Wound closure occurred rapidly in a linear manner during the first 6 hr after wounding, after which the rate of cell migration decreased. Healing rates (micron2/hr) during the first 6 hr were calculated by linear regression analysis. There was a direct linear correlation between the healing rate and initial wound area. The slope of this line for nine normal (untreated) corneas was 0.093 hr-1. Nine corneas were treated with 0.1% retinoic acid in petrolatum ointment, while eight control corneas received vehicle alone. The slope of healing rate versus initial wound area for treated corneas (0.11 hr-1) was significantly greater than control (0.097 hr-1). This was interpreted as a stimulation of corneal endothelial migration during healing by retinoic acid. As a result of this study, a method for analysis of corneal endothelial healing rate has been developed which can be used for comparison of healing rates among treatments when initial wound area cannot be standardized.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only