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W H Seiple, I M Siegel, R E Carr, C Mayron; Evaluating macular function using the focal ERG.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1986;27(7):1123-1130.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
A stimulus consisting of 96 red LEDs mounted in the rear of a ganzfeld bowl was used to elicit focal electroretinograms (FERG) from the central 9 degrees of the retina in human subjects. The luminance of the stimulus was driven sinusoidally at frequencies from 10-60 Hz. The temporal responsiveness and response phase lags of normal subjects and patients with retinal disease were measured. Normal subjects produced maximum amplitude FERG responses to stimuli between 30-40 Hz. Patients with retinitis pigmentosa showed a low-pass pattern of amplitude loss, with an additional frequency independent loss in sensitivity in those with poorer visual acuity. Patients with macular degeneration showed general amplitude loss associated with a relative sparing of the mid-temporal frequencies. The response phase lags in both patient groups were not significantly different from the normals. These findings point to a loss in temporal responsiveness accompanied by a secondary loss of sensitivity in these heredoretinal degenerations.
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