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D I Hamasaki, R D Dix, S S Atherton; Bilateral alterations of the ERG and retinal histology following unilateral HSV-1 inoculation.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1988;29(8):1242-1254.
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The physiological condition of the retinas of BALB/c mice inoculated unilaterally in the anterior chamber with the KOS strain of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was monitored by ERG recordings. After the ERG recordings, the retinas were examined for histopathological changes. In the inoculated eye, depressed ERGs were recorded on day 2 PI and abolished ERGs on day 4 PI. The changes in the ERGs were complete by day 5-6 PI. Of the 53 inoculated eyes followed for longer than day 6 PI, four (7.5%) remained normal, 30 (56.6%) had reduced ERGs and 19 (35.8%) had abolished ERGs. In the contralateral eyes, the first changes were noted on day 8 PI, and abolished ERGs were recorded on day 9 PI. Of the 55 contralateral eyes followed for longer than 10 days, 15 (27.3%) remained normal, four (7.2%) had reduced ERGs and 36 (65.4%) had abolished ERGs. The percentage of eyes with depressed ERGs was significantly higher in the inoculated than in the uninoculated eyes, and the percentage of eyes with abolished ERGs was significantly higher in the uninoculated eyes than in the inoculated eyes. The histopathological alterations were different for the two eyes. In the inoculated eyes, the changes were mainly in the outer retina, with characteristic folds in the photoreceptor and outer nuclear layer interspersed with normal appearing retina. The pigment epithelium was also abnormal. In the uninoculated eyes, the changes began in the inner retina but rapidly spread to all layers of the retina. This panretinal necrosis accounted for the higher percentage of abolished ERGs in the uninoculated eyes. The differences in the alterations of the ERG and the histopathological changes may be related to the underlying mechanism of action of the HSV-1 during the evolution of the experimental retinopathy.
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