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J Caprioli, J M Miller; Videographic measurements of optic nerve topography in glaucoma.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1988;29(8):1294-1298.
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Topographic measurements of the optic nerve head were made with computerized videographic image analysis (Rodenstock Analyzer) in one eye each of 36 normal controls, 41 glaucoma suspects and 46 glaucoma patients matched for age. Glaucoma suspects had elevated intraocular pressures and normal visual fields in both eyes. Glaucoma patients had typical visual field defects. Disc measurements were corrected for the optical dimensions of individual eyes. One-way analysis of variance revealed statistically significant differences among the diagnostic groups for cup-disc ratio (P = 0.0006), disc rim area (P less than 0.0001) and cup volume (P = 0.0001). Mean (+/- SEM) disc rim area was 1.14 +/- 0.04 mm2 for controls, 1.10 +/- 0.04 mm2 for glaucoma suspects and 0.87 +/- 0.05 mm2 for glaucoma patients. Mean (+/- SEM) optic nerve cup volume was 0.35 +/- 0.02 mm3 for controls, 0.44 +/- 0.04 mm3 for glaucoma suspects and 0.60 +/- 0.05 mm3 for glaucoma patients. Planimetric measurements of disc rim area were made from manual tracings of stereoscopic disc photographs of the same eyes. There was a statistically significant correlation between the computerized videographic measurements and the manual photographic measurements of disc rim area (r = 0.73, P less than 0.0001). The broad range of values for these optic nerve structural parameters in normal eyes and their overlap with values in glaucomatous eyes prevents their use to reliably predict which patients are normal and which have glaucomatous visual field loss. New parameters are required to fully describe the depth information generated with new quantitative techniques.
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