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M B Wax, M Coca-Prados; Receptor-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in human ocular ciliary epithelial cells.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1989;30(7):1675-1679.
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The hydrolysis of phosphoinositides (PI) in peripheral tissues can be stimulated by a number of putative neurotransmitters and this stimulation can be blocked by specific antagonists. Epithelial cells derived from the nonpigmented layer of the ocular ciliary epithelium were transfected by simian virus 40 and grown in culture to semiconfluency. The cells were incubated in 3 microCi/ml of (3H)-myoinositol for 2 days. The accumulation of inositol phosphates in response to several agonists (carbachol, 1 mM; ATP, 100 microM; arginine vasopressin, 1 microM; and phenylephrine, 100 microM) was determined for times ranging from 5 sec to 15 min. In the presence of 10 mM LiCl, the maximum net production of the (3H)-inositol phosphates (expressed as a percent of conversion of (3H)-phospholipids) was approximately 7.5% for inositol-1 phosphate, 0.5% for inositol-1,4 bisphosphate, and 1% for inositol-1,4,5 trisphosphate. Carbachol elicited PI hydrolysis with an EC50 value of 39 +/- 9 microM. The EC50 values obtained for arginine vasopressin and ATP-initiated PI breakdown were 32 +/- 10 nM and 11.9 +/- 1 microM, respectively. Phenylephrine alone failed to stimulate the production of (3H)-inositol phosphates in these cells. The production of all (3H)-inositol phosphates in response to carbachol (1 mM) was inhibited by atropine (Ki = 0.3 nM) and the selective muscarinic antagonists 4-DAMP (Ki = 4.2 nM), pirenzepine (Ki = 102 nM) and AFDX-116 (Ki = 1.49 microM). Thus the muscarinic receptors that are coupled to PI hydrolysis in these cells have the pharmacologic characteristics of the M3 subtype.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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