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J E Keunen, G J van Meel, D van Norren, V C Smith, J Pokorny; Retinal densitometry in acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1989;30(7):1515-1521.
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Cone photopigment kinetics were investigated by retinal densitometry in six patients with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). Our goal was to document the course of cone impairment during a period of at least 12 months following the onset of the disease process. During the active stage, we found that the amount of pigment measurable by densitometry (the density difference) was reduced and that the time constant of pigment regeneration was unmeasurable. Following resolution of the fundus lesions, the densitometric parameters gradually improved in eight of ten eyes. In patients who maintained foveal fixation (five eyes), the density difference and the time constant of pigment regeneration improved simultaneously, though with individual differences in time course. Photopigment kinetics returned to normal in all these patients but the density difference remained lower than normal in four of the five eyes. In patients with parafoveal fixation (five eyes), photopigment kinetics were slow, possibly reflecting mixed cone and rod contributions. With time, the density difference improved to a level comparable to that measured in normal observers at a similar retinal location, but the photopigment regeneration time constant remained abnormal or unmeasurable. Recovery was variable, with one eye changing from parafoveal to foveal fixation, and no improvement noted in two eyes with extreme parafoveal fixation. Our findings demonstrate a large interpatient variation associated with APMPPE.
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