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C Y Gregory, T A Abrams, M O Hall; cAMP production via the adenylyl cyclase pathway is reduced in RCS rat RPE.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(11):3121-3124.
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cAMP production was investigated in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells isolated from normal rats and from rats with an inherited retinal dystrophy (Rdy/p+). In normal RPE cells, 5'-[N-Ethylcarboxamido]-adenosine (A2 receptors) produced a fivefold increase in the level of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) over basal levels. However, only a onefold increase in cAMP was observed in dystrophic cells. cAMP production by prostaglandins E1 and E2 (prostaglandin receptors) in dystrophic RPE cells was only 29-38% of the level observed in normal cells. Direct stimulation of adenylyl cyclase by 10 mumol/l forskolin increased cAMP levels in normal RPE cells by 90 fold over basal, but only by sixfold in the dystrophic cells. These data suggest there may be a defect in the adenylyl cyclase signaling pathway in dystrophic RPE cells.
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