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M E Szabo, M T Droy-Lefaix, M Doly, C Carré, P Braquet; Ischemia and reperfusion-induced histologic changes in the rat retina. Demonstration of a free radical-mediated mechanism.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1991;32(5):1471-1478.
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Histologic alterations of ischemia- and reperfusion-induced retinal damage are critically dependent on the duration of the period of ischemia. Male Sprague Dawley rats were anesthetized, and a suture was placed behind the globe including the central retinal artery. Because it was desirable that untreated eyes show a great histologic change due to reperfusion-induced damage (in order that maximum scope would exist for demonstration of any protective effect of a drug treatment), a preliminary series of studies established the time-induced characteristics for the retina with transient regional ischemia. Eyes (n = 6-12 in each group) were subjected to 30, 60, or 90 min of ischemia followed by 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 24 hr of reperfusion, respectively. The 30-min ischemia followed by reperfusion did not result in any histologic changes; 60-min ischemia followed by reperfusion induced a moderate retinal edema which returned to the preischemic value after 24 hr of reperfusion. The 90-min ischemia followed by reperfusion further aggravated retinal edema and increased the migration of neutrophil leukocytes. Even after 24 hr of reperfusion, the retinal edema had not disappeared although an attenuation was observed. In this study, the rats were treated with superoxide dismutase (SOD-PEG, 15 x 10(3) U/kg) or EGB 761 (100 mg/kg) for 10 days (chronic treatment). The SOD and EGB 761 significantly reduced the development of reperfusion-induced retinal edema and significantly prevented the neutrophil leukocyte infiltration. Both also had a protective effect against reperfusion-induced injury when these agents were administered just before reperfusion ("late" administration).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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