February 1992
Volume 33, Issue 2
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Articles  |   February 1992
Partially deficient glutamate dehydrogenase activity and attenuated oscillatory potentials in patients with spinocerebellar degeneration.
Author Affiliations
  • T Abe
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
  • S Ishiguro
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
  • H Saito
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
  • M Kiyosawa
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
  • M Tamai
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science February 1992, Vol.33, 447-452. doi:
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      T Abe, S Ishiguro, H Saito, M Kiyosawa, M Tamai; Partially deficient glutamate dehydrogenase activity and attenuated oscillatory potentials in patients with spinocerebellar degeneration.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(2):447-452.

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Abstract

Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH, EC 1.4.1.2) catalyzes the synthesis and degradation of glutamate, an excitatory neurotransmitter in the retina. Recently, two forms of GDH, a soluble heat-stable form and a particulate heat-labile form, have been demonstrated to be deficient in some types of spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD). We measured these forms of GDH activity in leukocyte homogenate from patients with SCD (n = 22) and normal subjects (n = 20) who were examined ophthalmoscopically and electrophysiologically. Seven patients with SCD showed attenuated oscillatory potentials (OPs) on electroretinography. The heat-labile GDH activity in these seven patients (78 +/- 51 nmol/mg protein/h) was significantly lower than that of 15 patients with normal OPs (367 +/- 189) and the normal subjects (397 +/- 1720 (P less than 0.001). Our results indicated that patients with SCD could be separated into two groups electrophysiologically, one with normal OPs and one with attenuated OPs. Also indicated was that a deficiency of heat-labile GDH might affect some functions of neural elements in the retina that are responsible for the generation of OPs.

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