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M T Yen, S C Pflugfelder, C A Crouse, S S Atherton; Cytoskeletal antigen expression in ocular mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(11):3235-3241.
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The human lacrimal gland (LG) and ocular surface contain discrete regions of epithelial cells with specific functions and at different stages of cellular differentiation. Epithelial cells contain cytoskeletal antigens that show a differentiation-dependent pattern of expression. The objective of this study was to characterize the various epithelial cell populations in normal human ocular mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT; LG, conjunctiva, and cornea) based on their immunohistochemical staining patterns with anticytoskeletal monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) reactive with cytokeratins (AE-1, AE-2, AE-3, AE-5, AE-14, PKK1, and 34 beta E12), muscle-specific actin (HHF35), and vimentin. AE-1 stained LG (acini, ducts, and myoepithelia) and the full thickness of corneal and conjunctival epithelia. It stained only the superficial and basal limbal epithelium. AE-2 weakly stained all epithelia, except LG acini and proximal intralobular ducts. AE-3 and 34 beta E12 MoAbs had strong immunoreactivity with all MALT epithelia. AE-5 strongly stained the inner cells (suprabasal) of LG central intra- and interlobular ducts and the suprabasal epithelial layers of the cornea. It weakly stained LG myoepithelia and the superficial conjunctival epithelium. AE-14 stained the outer (basal) cells of LG central intra- and interlobular ducts, LG myoepithelia, basal epithelial layers of the limbus and conjunctiva, and all corneal epithelia. PKK1 stained all epithelia, except the basal limbus. HHF35 and the antivimentin MoAbs stained only the LG myoepithelia. The results of these studies indicate that the different epithelia in human ocular MALT may be differentiated by specific patterns of immunoreactivity with anticytoskeletal MoAbs. These MoAbs may be useful molecular markers for identifying ocular MALT epithelia.
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