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Z Wang, J L Hess, G E Bunce; Deferoxamine effect on selenite-induced cataract formation in rats.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(8):2511-2519.
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A single subcutaneous dose of 30 nmol of sodium selenite per gram of body weight in 13-day-old rats resulted in posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC) after 24 hr and bilateral nuclear cataracts at 72-96 hr. Within 24 hr of treatment, a 60% decrease in lens glutathione was seen. A loss of calcium homeostasis observed by 48 hr resulted in increased lens calcium (4 mumol/g dry weight), which accompanied nuclear opacification. The iron chelator, deferoxamine (DF), was evaluated as a potential protective agent against these selenite-induced changes. Three doses each consisting of 1.1 mumol DF/g body weight were administered during the initial 24 hr of selenite exposure. Within 96 hr, all lenses from animals treated only with DF remained transparent, but 50% of these lenses showed cortical cataract at 3 wk postinjection. Concurrent administration of DF and selenite protected 80% of rats against PSC after 48 hr and 25% against nuclear cataract after 96 hr. No elevation in lens calcium occurred in the protected lenses. An additional 20% of animals were not protected fully but showed substantially less nuclear opacity than with selenite alone. They had a significant but moderate increase in lens calcium. After 3 wk (animal age, 35-40 d), cataract appeared in these "protected" lenses involving both the nucleus and cortex and loss of ion homeostasis. The glutathione content remained lower in lenses from animals treated with both selenite and DF compared with those from selenite-treated animals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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