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T Nishida, M Nakamura, J Murakami, H Mishima, T Otori; Epidermal growth factor stimulates corneal epithelial cell attachment to fibronectin through a fibronectin receptor system.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(8):2464-2469.
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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates corneal epithelial migration in vivo and in vitro. Antibody against fibronectin inhibits this effect in vitro, suggesting that a fibronectin-dependent mechanism in involved. To elucidate the action of EGF, we placed rabbit corneal epithelial cells, preincubated in the absence or presence of EGF (10 ng/ml), into wells coated with fibronectin. After 45 minutes of incubation, the numbers of cells attached to the wells were counted. Preincubation with EGF for 6 hr was not effective, but preincubation for 9 hr significantly increased the numbers of cells attached to the wells. These numbers were not increased further by additional preincubation. When concentrations of EGF were reduced, numbers of attached cells decreased proportionally, but remained significantly higher than the numbers obtained with cells not exposed to EGF. The EGF-stimulated attachment to the fibronectin matrix was inhibited in a dose-dependent fashion by antifibronectin IgG and by GRGDSP, a synthetic peptide that mimics the amino acid sequence of the cell-binding domain of fibronectin. The authors conclude that a fibronectin/fibronectin receptor system mediates EGF-induced stimulation of cellular attachment. These findings suggest that EGF may increase the expression of fibronectin receptors.
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