January 1993
Volume 34, Issue 1
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Articles  |   January 1993
Recoverin, but not visinin, is an autoantigen in the human retina identified with a cancer-associated retinopathy.
Author Affiliations
  • A S Polans
    R.S. Dow Neurological Sciences Institute, GSH&MC, Portland, OR 97209.
  • M D Burton
    R.S. Dow Neurological Sciences Institute, GSH&MC, Portland, OR 97209.
  • T L Haley
    R.S. Dow Neurological Sciences Institute, GSH&MC, Portland, OR 97209.
  • J W Crabb
    R.S. Dow Neurological Sciences Institute, GSH&MC, Portland, OR 97209.
  • K Palczewski
    R.S. Dow Neurological Sciences Institute, GSH&MC, Portland, OR 97209.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science January 1993, Vol.34, 81-90. doi:
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      A S Polans, M D Burton, T L Haley, J W Crabb, K Palczewski; Recoverin, but not visinin, is an autoantigen in the human retina identified with a cancer-associated retinopathy.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1993;34(1):81-90.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

PURPOSE: We investigated the hypothesis that visinin, a cone-specific protein first characterized in chicken retina, is a cone homologue of recoverin and may be the cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) autoantigen in human cone cells. METHODS: Visinin was purified from chicken retinas and tested for binding by CAR antisera. In addition, antibodies specific to visinin were used immunocytochemically and for Western analysis to determine whether visinin is present in human or bovine retinas. Anti-peptide antibodies against recoverin were used immunocytochemically to localize recoverin to mammalian cone cells. RESULTS: CAR antisera recognized recoverin but not visinin. Furthermore, visinin could not be detected in mammalian retinas by immunocytochemical methods or by attempts to purify the protein. In contrast to visinin, antibodies specific for different regions of the recoverin molecule stained both rod and cone cells in the human retina. CONCLUSIONS: Visinin is not the CAR autoantigen in human cone cells. Differences between recoverin and visinin probably reflect species differences rather than rod-cone differences. Recoverin, or a nearly identical molecule, is present in mammalian cones and likely is the cone cell CAR autoantigen.

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