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C D Gauntt, A Ohira, O Honda, K Kigasawa, T Fujimoto, H Masutani, J Yodoi, Y Honda; Mitochondrial induction of adult T cell leukemia derived factor (ADF/hTx) after oxidative stresses in retinal pigment epithelial cells.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1994;35(7):2916-2923.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: Adult T cell leukemia derived factor (ADF) is a human homologue of thioredoxin (hTx), which exhibits scavenging activity with reactive oxygen intermediates. In their previous study, the authors found that after transient retinal ischemia, the expression of thioredoxin in rat retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) layer increased markedly. The present investigation is to determine intracellular ADF localization in RPE after transient ischemia and in cultured human RPE cells after oxidative insult by H2O2. METHODS: The authors employed immunoelectron microscopy to examine ADF localization in RPE. Labeling density analysis was performed to supplement the main observation in the experiment of transient retinal ischemia. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2-5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed to verify the protective role of recombinant ADF (rADF) against H2O2. RESULTS: In immunogold electron microscopy, sparse ADF-positive labeling was seen in the cytosol and mitochondria in normal rat RPE and in untreated cultured RPE cells. After oxidative stress, it was concentrated in mitochondria in both groups. MTT assay proved that rADF protected cultured RPE from the toxicity of H2O2. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the induction of ADF/hTx in mitochondria of RPE after oxidative stresses and its protective effect on cultured RPE exposed to H2O2. The data indicate the possibly important role of ADF/hTx in the protection of retinal cells from the oxidative stresses associated with retinal ischemic disease and probably with regular visual activity.
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