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P C Davidson, P Sternberg, D P Jones, R L Reed; Synthesis and transport of glutathione by cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1994;35(6):2843-2849.
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PURPOSE: To characterize synthesis and transport of glutathione (GSH) by cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS: Cultured human RPE cells were depleted of glutathione, then incubated with various concentrations of cysteine, glutamate, and glycine or with glutathione. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to measure intracellular glutathione with time. RESULTS: After depletion with diethylmaleate, intracellular glutathione was resynthesized from the amino acid precursors within 60 minutes. The addition of buthionine sulfoximine, a known inhibitor of GSH synthesis, completely eliminated the observed increase. Similar incubation with exogenous GSH failed to increase the intracellular GSH concentration. CONCLUSION: Cultured human RPE cells are able to rapidly synthesize glutathione from exogenously administered amino acids, but they are incapable of direct GSH uptake.
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