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M E Fini, M T Girard, M Matsubara, J D Bartlett; Unique regulation of the matrix metalloproteinase, gelatinase B.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1995;36(3):622-633.
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PURPOSE: The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), gelatinase B, is expressed by both corneal cell types found at the epithelial-stromal tissue interface, the site of basement membrane repair in the healing cornea. This study investigates the relative regulation of gelatinase B compared to other MMPs in response to agents related to those found in the corneal repair environment or in corneal ulcers. METHODS: A culture model of corneal cells isolated from rabbit was used. RESULTS: Gelatinase B is the major MMP expressed by corneal epithelial cells, whereas stromal fibroblasts produce gelatinase B along with three other MMPs: collagenase, stromelysin, and gelatinase A. Phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulates gelatinase B mRNA and protein synthesis by corneal cells, which is similar to its effect on the other MMPs. Stimulation occurs, at least partially, at the transcriptional level. PMA-stimulated MMP expression follows biphasic kinetics, with the major effect on collagenase, stromelysin, and gelatinase A occurring during the late component. In contrast, the major gelatinase B response occurs during the early component. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has no effect on constitutive expression of gelatinase B by fibroblasts; however, expression stimulated by PMA is enhanced. In contrast, constitutive expression of collagenase and stromelysin is inhibited by TGF-beta. However, in the presence of PMA, the initial inhibitory effect of TGF-beta is reversed after treatment. CONCLUSION: Gelatinase B expression is regulated differently from other corneal MMPs. This provides a mechanism for control of basement membrane repair independent of repair processes in the stroma.
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