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M Coca-Prados, M J Fernández-Cabezudo, J Sánchez-Torres, J W Crabb, S Ghosh; Cell-specific expression of the human Na+,K(+)-ATPase beta 2 subunit isoform in the nonpigmented ciliary epithelium.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1995;36(13):2717-2728.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To evaluate the patterns of expression of beta subunit isoforms of the Na+,K(+)-ATPase and H+,K(+)-ATPase in the human eye and to determine the cell-specific distribution of the beta 2 subunit in the human ciliary epithelium. METHODS: Total RNA extracted from human ocular tissues was screened by Northern blot analysis with cDNA probes for the human Na+,K(+)-ATPase subunit isoforms (beta 1 and beta 2) or the H+,K(+)-ATPase (alpha and beta) subunits. Antibodies were raised to the amino and carboxyl terminal regions of the human beta 2 isoform. Polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the expression of beta 2 subunit in nonpigmented ciliary epithelial cells (NPE). RESULTS: Transcripts for the Na+,K(+)-ATPase beta 1 and beta 2 subunit isoforms were present at different levels in all the ocular tissues except the lens, which expressed only beta 1. No transcripts for the alpha or beta subunits of the H+,K(+)-ATPase were detected in the eye. Isoform beta 2 specific anti-peptide antibodies V15E (N-terminus) and A18R (C-terminus) recognized a 55- to 60-kDa protein in the ciliary epithelium and the core protein of 32 kDa after N-glycanase treatment. Immunocytochemical localization within the ciliary epithelium indicates that the Na+,K(+)-ATPase beta 2 isoform is expressed preferentially in the NPE cells. The expression of Na+,K(+)-ATPase beta 2 isoform in the human NPE cell line, ODM-2, was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction amplification and Southern blot analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The Na+,K(+)-ATPase beta 2 subunit isoform, but not H+,K(+)-ATPase, was expressed widely in ocular tissues of the human eye. The restricted cellular distribution of beta 2 isoform within the NPE cells represents an important differential gene marker associated with the multiple alpha subunit isoforms of Na+,K(+)-ATPase.
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