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N Toda, M Toda, K Ayajiki, T Okamura; Monkey central retinal artery is innervated by nitroxidergic vasodilator nerves.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1996;37(11):2177-2184.
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PURPOSE: To determine whether the monkey central retinal artery is innervated by vasodilator nerves and to analyze the mechanism underlying the neurogenic response. METHODS: Changes in isometric tension were recorded in helical strips of the arteries, which were stimulated by transmurally applied electrical pulses or nicotine. The presence of perivascular nerve fibers containing nitric oxide (NO) synthase immunoreactivity was determined histologically. RESULTS: Transmural electrical stimulation (5 Hz) and nicotine produced a relaxation of the arterial strips denuded of the endothelium, treated with prazosin, and contracted with prostaglandin F2 alpha. The response was not influenced by timolol, atropine, and indomethacin, but it was abolished by methylene blue and oxyhemoglobin. NG-nitro-L-arginine, a NO synthase inhibitor, abolished the neurogenic relaxation, and L-arginine restored the response. Antagonists of calcitonin gene-related peptide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in sufficient concentrations did not influence the response to nerve stimulation by nicotine. There were abundant nerve fibers and bundles containing NO synthase immunoreactivity in the adventitia. CONCLUSIONS: Monkey central retinal arteries are innervated by NO synthase-containing nerves that liberate NO possibly as a neurotransmitter on excitation to produce muscular relaxation.
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