November 1997
Volume 38, Issue 12
Articles  |   November 1997
Contact lens tonometry--application in humans.
Author Affiliations
  • B Entenmann
    University Eye Department, Universitätsspital, Zurich, Switzerland.
  • Y C Robert
    University Eye Department, Universitätsspital, Zurich, Switzerland.
  • P Pirani
    University Eye Department, Universitätsspital, Zurich, Switzerland.
  • H Kanngiesser
    University Eye Department, Universitätsspital, Zurich, Switzerland.
  • P W Dekker
    University Eye Department, Universitätsspital, Zurich, Switzerland.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science November 1997, Vol.38, 2447-2451. doi:
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      B Entenmann, Y C Robert, P Pirani, H Kanngiesser, P W Dekker; Contact lens tonometry--application in humans.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1997;38(12):2447-2451.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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PURPOSE: To establish a standard clinical procedure for measuring intraocular pressure (Po) with the contact lens tonometer (CLT), to demonstrate possibilities for analyzing ocular pulsation and performing ophthalmodynamometry. METHODS: A reliable histogram-based analyzing system for determining Po is used. First, the ocular pressure was registered with the CLT method and compared with the Goldmann applanation pressure, measured immediately beforehand. Second, ocular pulsation was studied by recording Po for 30 to 70 seconds, and the pulse amplitude was then analyzed. Third, an ophthalmodynamometry method during slit-lamp examination was tested. The central retinal artery was observed through the contact lens while the appositional force was elevated. A mark was set at the systolic and diastolic pressure while observing arterial pulsation (similar to the Korotkoff sounds). RESULTS: Compared with the Goldmann method measurements, Po obtained with the CLT method yielded a linear regression of r = 0.7 (right eye) and r = 0.68 (left eye), and was therefore highly significant (P < 0.0001, two-tailed). Analysis of the pulse amplitude showed great variability (range, 1 to 9 mm Hg; means, 2.9 mm Hg [right eye] and 3.0 mm Hg [left eye]). The dependence of the pulse amplitude on Po and age was shown with a correlation coefficient of r = 0.55 and r = 0.59, respectively. The difference between the right and left eye of the person was < 0.5 mm Hg. CONCLUSION: The CLT can be used during slit-lamp examination and permits tonometry during ophthalmoscopy, ocular pulsation assessment at different intraocular pressures, and ophthalmodynamometry.


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