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K A Rezai, W W Lai, L Farrokh-Siar, J Pearlman, J Shu, S C Patel, J T Ernest; A new method of culturing and transferring iris pigment epithelium.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1997;38(11):2255-2260.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To optimize a culture technique and transfer iris pigment epithelial (IPE) cells for cellular studies in vitro. METHODS: Porcine iris tissues were obtained, and IPE cells were isolated and cultured at high densities by plating them in the form of drops. Spherically shaped structures containing a high concentration of cells were formed after 7 to 10 days of culture. Cells were subcultured by transferring spheres to new culture dishes without employing enzymatic dissociation. The purity of IPE cells was determined by pigmentation and cytokeratin labeling. Proliferation was assessed by incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine. Cellular structure was analyzed under the light and electron microscopes and function was assayed by rod outer segment phagocytosis. RESULTS: Iris pigment epithelial cells, when cultured at high densities, tended to form elevated spherical structures containing viable cells. The cultured cells were pigmented and showed positive labeling with a monoclonal cytokeratin antibody. The IPE cells proliferated and migrated from the spheres to form monolayers. Cells originating from the transferred spheres also continued to proliferate and to migrate in a similar manner to the originally cultivated cells to form monolayers after 7 to 10 days. These cells were able to phagocytose rod outer segments. CONCLUSIONS: This new method provides a simple method of culturing a large quantity of IPE cells. The high yield of pure IPE cells and the ease of transfer provide an ideal means to study them at the cellular level.
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