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N Hayashi, E Ido, Y Ohtsuki, H Ueno; An experimental application of gene therapy for human retinoblastoma.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(2):265-272.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: The purpose was to determine the potential of gene therapy for retinoblastoma using transfer of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene into retinoblastoma cells (Y79 cell line). METHODS: A retrovirus-packaging cell line PA317 was electroporated with a retroviral vector plasmid bearing HSV-TK and neomycin-resistance genes to produce a PA317-TK cell line releasing a replication-defective vector bearing both genes. Y79 was transduced by exposure to transmissible virus-containing medium from PA317-TK, and new clones of Y79 containing the HSV-TK gene (Y79-TK) were established. Sensitivity to ganciclovir (GCV) and acyclovir (ACV) was investigated in Y79 and Y79-TK and the effect of HSV-TK-positive cells on negative cells ("bystander effect") was determined in vitro. The effect of antitumorigenesis in a nude mouse system was also investigated. RESULTS: There were no differences in the growth pattern or the morphology between Y79 and Y79-TK. Y79-TK was more sensitive to GCV and ACV than was Y79. The cytotoxicity of Y79-TK was dose dependent. An obvious "bystander effect" was present with the addition of GCV. In vivo studies confirmed the ability of GCV to kill Y79-TK. CONCLUSIONS: In this study a model is proposed for the introduction of a drug-sensitivity gene into Y79 and the possibility is raised of treating retinoblastoma with gene therapy. The results suggest that the transfer of the HSV-TK gene into Y79 followed by the administration of GCV could serve as a model for gene therapy for retinoblastoma.
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