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M T Odenthal, C P Nieuwendaal, H W Venema, J Oosting, J H Kok, A Kijlstra; In vivo human corneal hydration control dynamics: a new model.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(2):312-319.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To introduce a new model describing human in vivo corneal deswelling after hypoxic contact lens wear, based on a damped harmonic oscillator, which can describe an overshoot in corneal deswelling, to compare this new model with the currently used exponential model, and also to test whether a diurnal variation in baseline corneal thickness exists that would have to be taken into consideration when calculating corneal deswelling curves. METHODS: In nine healthy young adults, corneal thickness was measured every 30 minutes for 11.5 hours on average using modified optical pachometry (natural test). On another day, corneal deswelling was monitored for 11.1 hours on average after 2 hours of hypoxic contact lens wear (stress test). The damped harmonic oscillator model and the exponential model were used to calculate best-fitting deswelling curves. Natural test data were analyzed for the presence of a trend. Goodness of fit of the curves to the experimental data was analyzed using the F test. RESULTS: In 82% of the deswelling curves the new damped harmonic oscillator model provided a better fit to the data than the exponential model (P < 0.05). An average overshoot in corneal thickness recovery of 5 microm (range, 0-11 microm) was found. In 50% of the natural tests significant trends were found, without any consistent similarities. The overshoot could not be explained by these trends. CONCLUSIONS: The new damped harmonic oscillator model describes corneal deswelling after hypoxic contact lens wear more accurately than the exponential model. No consistent diurnal variation could be demonstrated.
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