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G D Sloop, J M Moreau, L L Conerly, J J Dajcs, R J O'Callaghan; Acute inflammation of the eyelid and cornea in Staphylococcus keratitis in the rabbit.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(2):385-391.
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PURPOSE: The inflammatory response during Staphylococcus keratitis was analyzed biochemically and histologically to determine the source of the neutrophils infiltrating the tear film and cornea. METHODS: Rabbit eyes were swabbed and then examined by slit-lamp microscopy at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 hours after intracorneal inoculation with Staphylococcus aureus. Bacterial colony-forming units were quantified in the cornea, eyelid, and acute inflammatory exudate. Myeloperoxidase activity of ocular swabs of acute inflammatory exudate, corneal homogenates, and eyelid homogenates was determined. Gross and microscopic examinations of corneas and eyelids were performed. RESULTS: The colony-forming units per cornea exceeded 10(7) after 10 hours, whereas no bacteria were cultured from the eyelid until 15 hours postinfection. Slit-lamp examination revealed progressive pathology, and the myeloperoxidase activities of ocular swabs, corneas, and eyelids increased markedly by 15 hours postinfection. Corneas showed a wave of neutrophils moving from the tear film toward bacteria in the central corneal stroma and early neutrophil migration from the limbus into the stroma. In the eyelid, neutrophils migrated from the stromal vessels to the tear film. CONCLUSIONS: Staphylococcus keratitis in the rabbit causes acute inflammation in the overlying eyelid. Neutrophils of the acute inflammatory exudate interact with the infected cornea, whereas neutrophils migrating through the cornea from the limbus remained distant from the site of infection.
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