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T H Tezel, H J Kaplan, L V Del Priore; Fate of human retinal pigment epithelial cells seeded onto layers of human Bruch's membrane.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(2):467-476.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To determine the fate of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells seeded onto different layers of human Bruch's membrane (BM). METHODS: Bruch's membrane explants were prepared from 16 human cadaver eyes (7 eyes age <50 years; 9 eyes >50 years) by removing native RPE cells with ammonium hydroxide to expose the RPE cell basal lamina (BL). The inner collagenous layer (ICL) and elastin layer (EL) were exposed by removing apical layers sequentially by mechanical and enzymatic means. Synchronized first passage human RPE cells (15,000 cells/(6-mm-diameter explant) were plated onto each layer of human BM. The RPE cell reattachment and apoptosis rates at 24 hours, proliferation rates and mitotic index 24 hours after growth stimulation, and the ability of RPE cells to repopulate the explant surface were determined on each layer. RESULTS: RPE cell reattachment was highest on BL but decreased on deeper layers of BM. The apoptosis rate of attached cells increased as deeper layers of BM were exposed. The proliferation rate and mitotic index of the grafted cells were higher on BL than on deeper layers. RPE cells plated onto BL repopulated the explant surface within 14 +/- 3 days, whereas cells plated onto the ICL and EL eventually died and never reached confluence. CONCLUSIONS: The fate of RPE cells seeded onto BM depends on the ultrastructural layer of BM available for reattachment. These findings suggest that the ability of transplanted RPE cells to repopulate bare BM will depend on the layer of BM available for RPE cell reattachment.
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