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H Kimura, C Spee, T Sakamoto, D R Hinton, Y Ogura, Y Tabata, Y Ikada, S J Ryan; Cellular response in subretinal neovascularization induced by bFGF-impregnated microspheres.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(2):524-528.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To determine the sequence of cellular changes associated with a new rabbit model of subretinal neovascularization (SRN) induced by subretinal injection of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-impregnated microspheres. METHODS: bFGF-impregnated gelatin microspheres, prepared by forming a polyion complex between gelatin and bFGF, were subretinally implanted into rabbit eyes. The eyes were studied by immunochemistry at 3 days to 8 weeks after implantation. Antibodies to CD4, CD8, cytokeratin, CD31, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and RAM11 were used. RESULTS: Cytokeratin-positive retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells appeared on day 3 and continued to increase in number in the subretinal space throughout the growth of the SRN membrane, becoming the predominant cell type. Macrophages (RAM11-positive) appeared early, but most disappeared within 7 days. GFAP-positive Müller cells were evident early in the retina but migrated into the subretinal space after 7 days; the gliotic adhesion they formed between the retina and the SRN membrane was prominent at 8 weeks. CD31-positive endothelial cells were first evident at 14 days and formed neovascular channels that were still present for up to 8 weeks. CD4- and CD8-positive lymphocytes appeared in the early stages but were few in number. CONCLUSIONS: SRN membranes are primarily composed of RPE cells and vascular endothelial cells. The membrane adheres to the retina by a gliotic band. The cellular components involved in the membrane of this model resemble those found in SRN membranes removed from patients with age-related macular degeneration.
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