Purchase this article with an account.
K Mishima, J T Handa, A Aotaki-Keen, G A Lutty, L S Morse, L M Hjelmeland; Senescence-associated beta-galactosidase histochemistry for the primate eye.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(7):1590-1593.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To develop a senescence-associated beta-galactosidase histochemistry and bleaching protocol for the primate posterior pole. METHODS: Rhesus monkey eyes of different ages were enucleated after death, fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for up to 16 hours, and cryoprotected using a graded sucrose infiltration technique. Ten-micrometer tissue sections were treated with beta-galactosidase, pH 4 (lysosomal) or pH 6 (senescence-associated) activity, for various times. Bleaching of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell and choroidal melanocyte pigment was performed after beta-galactosidase histochemistry using 0.1% to 1% potassium permanganate incubation for 1 minute to 2 hours followed by 0.5% oxalic acid immersion. RESULTS: A 6-hour incubation with beta-galactosidase, pH 4 or 6, demonstrated optimal staining of the RPE. Uniform staining of the RPE for pH 4 beta-galactosidase was seen in both young and old eyes. In contrast, senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (pH 6) staining was seen in the RPE of 16 and 29-year-old, but not 1- and 2-year-old eyes. Senescence-associated beta-galactosidase staining was evident in RPE cells adjacent to cuticular drusen. Optimal bleaching without loss of beta-galactosidase staining was obtained using a 25-minute incubation with 0.05% permanganate. CONCLUSIONS: The senescence-associated beta-galactosidase histochemistry assay, adapted for use in the primate posterior pole, showed staining of RPE cells in older eyes. Visualization of beta-galactosidase activity in the RPE was enhanced by permanganate bleaching of melanin pigment. This technique could be valuable for identifying senescent RPE cells in human eyes.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only