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Akiko Nishiwaki, Takashi Ueda, Shinya Ugawa, Shoichi Shimada, Yuichiro Ogura; Upregulation of P-selectin and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 after Retinal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(11):4931-4935. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.02-1324.
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Purpose. Vascular endothelial cells and leukocytes express several inflammatory adhesion receptors, such as selectins and cell adhesion molecules, after retinal ischemia. They mediate the transmigration process of leukocytes. For further understanding of the role of leukocytes after retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury, the responses of the leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion molecules P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 during retinal ischemia and reperfusion were examined.
Methods. Male pigmented rats were subjected to retinal ischemia by a 1-hour ligation of the optic nerve followed by reperfusion. Gene and protein expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1 were studied at 0.5, 1, 6, 12, and 24 hours after the onset of reperfusion with semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. Immunohistochemical methods were used to detect specific lesions expressing ICAM-1.
Results. Significant upregulation of P-selectin and ICAM-1 mRNA (at 6, 12, and 24 hours of reperfusion) were observed, with the expression peaks of both P-selectin and ICAM-1 mRNA occurring at 12 hours after reperfusion. P-selectin protein gradually increased and reached a maximum 6 hours after reperfusion, whereas ICAM-1 protein increased until 24 hours after reperfusion. Immunostaining with ICAM-1 antibodies was positive in endothelial cells after ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Conclusions. Retinal ischemia-reperfusion stimulates P-selectin and ICAM-1 expression. Endothelial ICAM-1 expression in retinal vessels was observed. Upregulation of P-selectin and ICAM-1, which contribute to leukocyte rolling and adhesion, were observed after retinal ischemia.
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